A Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations by Edward Kessler, Neil Wenborn

By Edward Kessler, Neil Wenborn

This reference is a pioneering paintings which explores and defines the numerous components which characterise the historical and ongoing dating among the 2 traditions. From Aaron to Zionism, the editors have introduced jointly over seven hundred entries--including occasions, associations, pursuits, humans, locations and publications--contributed by means of greater than a hundred across the world well known students. The Dictionary, compiled less than the auspices of the Cambridge-based Centre for the research of Jewish-Christian family, bargains a spotlight for the learn and knowing of Jewish-Christian kinfolk across the world, either inside of and among Judaism and Christianity.

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9), reinforce the division between those who believe in the Christ and are spiritual, and those who adhere to the covenant of circumcision of the flesh. Philo of Alexandria, a contemporary of Paul, bequeathed an interpretation of Abraham that would find its way into both Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism. The Abraham narratives are an allegory for the journey of the soul towards spiritual and moral perfection. For the Rabbis, like Philo, every detail in the Abraham narratives constitutes a significant part of the divine promise to the Jewish people for all generations.

Soon afterwards we witness a similarly tendentious use of Jewish mystical writings, especially the Zohar (see mysticism). Scholarly discussion of this literature has made much of the related questions of its purpose and audience. To some scholars, notably Harnack, R. Ruether (b. 1936), D. Rokeah (b. 1930) and to a slightly lesser extent H. Schreckenberg (b. 1933), the literature is quite unconcerned with its ostensible aim, the conversion of Jews, and gives voice much more clearly to internal Christian needs, many of which were taken up with proving the biblical basis of Christianity.

The community grew rapidly, numbering perhaps 500,000 by the second century BCE. Alexandria fostered an immensely creative engagement between Jewish and Greek culture, witnessed perhaps most iconically in the translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek, the famed Septuagint which also became the Old Testament of the Christian community. This interaction with the Greek world can also be seen in Philo, whose brilliant expression of the Jewish faith using the language and conceptual tools of the Greek philosophical tradition laid the foundations for much subsequent (and mainly Christian) theological endeavour.

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