African Arabic: Approaches to Dialectology by Mena Lafkioui

By Mena Lafkioui

The amount provides the cutting-edge in learn on African different types of Arabic. top students from world wide tackle issues facing language touch, the advance of Arabic-based pidgins and creoles, synchronic language version and diachronic language reconstruction.

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8 MaraE ‘scope’; ex. ), we can note that native speakers of Kadugli Arabic tend to realize the voiced palatal stop dʒ as a palatal glide y [j] when occurring close to central vowels (ex. 10 dʒāy=k > yāy=k ‘coming to you’; ex. 11. 2a) Looking at the morphology, Kadugli Arabic displays a typical urban pronominal/verbal paradigm that does not distinguish feminine plural as a morphological category. na in Baggara Arabic. 28 Stefano Manfredi Table 5. F Independent Bound ana inta inti huwa hiya Suffixed CvCvC -ta CvCvC -ta CvCvC -ti CvCvC CvCvC -at =í, =ní =ak =ik =(h)u =(h)a Prefixed a-CCvC ta-CCvC ta-CCvC-i ya-CCvC ta-CCvC Independent Bound 1PL 2PL anīna intum =na =kum 3PL hum =hum 1PL 2PL Suffixed CvCvC -na CvCvC -tu Prefixed na- CCvC ta- CCvC -u 3PL CvCvC -o ya- CCvC -u As regards the prefixed conjugation of two-consonantal verbs, we can note that the majority of the speakers have the tendency to elide the final vowel of verbal roots with C3 = y.

52, abū ȥidʒāl > abū ʔidʒāl ‘Abū ‘Ijāl’; ex. 53 ȥarabi > ʔarabi ‘Arabic’) or it can be elided in middle and final position (ex. 51, Native and non-native varieties of Arabic in Kadugli 39 bitāȥ > bitá ‘of’; ex. 52, gaȥd-na > gáad-na ‘we sat down’, maȥ > ma ‘with’; ex. 53 gāȥid > gāid ‘sitting’). 5c) It should be stressed that the tendency to drop pharyngeal consonants has been equally observed in other non-native varieties of Arabic spoken in Sudan (Miller and Abu Manga 1992: 78; Abu Manga 2006: 255) and in Chad (Jullien de Pommerol 1997: 125).

In the following paragraphs I will take a closer look at the emerging urban dialect of Kadugli as well as at the Baggara dialect as spoken by urbanized cattlemen and the non-native varieties of Arabic used by local Native and non-native varieties of Arabic in Kadugli 25 and outsider non-Arab groups. The analysis is based on a selected corpus of almost three hours of recordings (21000 words) embodying spontaneous and semi-spontaneous texts. The duration of the recordings varies from 5 to 20 minutes.

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